BRIDGE COURSE 2016-17

With a view to enhance the comprehension in subjects we frame a bridge course to first semester B.A/B.Sc /B.Com programme students. The essentials and fundamentals of Higher Secondary level subjects are necessary to understand the subject at an ease and this will lead to a better appreciation of the subject.

Objective

The bridge course aims to act as a buffer for the new entrants with an objective to provide adequate time for the transition to hardcore of degree courses. This gives them a breather, to prepare themselves before the onset of courses for first year degree programme. During this interaction of five hours with the faculty and their classmates the students will be equipped with the knowledge and the confidence needed to take on bigger challenges in future.

Design

The course consist of 10 Hrs of interactive sessions and an internal examination designed by the respective departments which is compulsory for all students. The result will be published in the website as well as on the notice board.

Syllabus

1. B.A. ENGLISH


Core Course- ENGLISH LITERATURE (4 hrs)
What is Literature?
Relevance of Literature in the 21st Century
The Various Genres in Literature: Poetry, Drama, Fiction
Relevance of Literary Criticism and Theory
Recent Trends in Literature
After Literature: Job Prospects


Complementary Course: HISTORY OF ENGLISH LITERATURE (2 hrs)
The Early History of England- Roman, Anglo Saxon, Viking Invasions.
Old English Literature – Beowulf, King Alfred (AD 600 - 1100)
Middle English Literature- Chaucer, Miracle, Morality and Mystery Plays (AD 1100-1500)
Modern English Literature- The Renaissance and Reformation (AD 1500 onwards)


Complementary Course: POLITICAL SCIENCE (2 hrs)
Essential elements in politics.
Politics and Political Science.
State.Constitution . Governemnt. Legislature. Executive.Judiciary

2. B.A ECONOMICS.


Core Course -ECONOMICS (4 hrs)
Introduction to Social Science
Various disciplines in social science Economics –History –Political Science –Interdisciplinarity.
Basic concepts in Economics –Origin of Economics - Utility-Demand –Supply-Commodity –Value – Price.
Economic Growth and Development- National Income-Per capita Income
Economic Planning


Complementary Courses-(POLITICAL SCIENCE and HISTORY) (2 hrs)
Essential elements in Politics
Politics and Political Science State-Constitution –Government –Legislature –Executive-Judiciary.
Voyage through Indian History –Revolt of 1857-Reforms-Gandhian Era-Indian freedom struggle –Post Independence period

3. B.Sc BOTANY


Core Course –BOTANY (4 hrs)
Definition and scope of Botany to society and human environment
Cell-Unit of life, enzymes, hormones, nucleic acids,cell, tissues, primary and secondary structure of plants.
Physiological processes in plants-Photosynthesis and respiration.
Life forms in plants – algae, fungi, lichens, bryophytes, pteridophytes, gymnosperms and angiosperms--Morphology, systematics and developmental biology of plants.
Metabolism and its types.
Ecology and environment. Tools, techniques and applications in biology


Complementary Course –CHEMISTRY (2 hrs)
Atomic structure: Atom, molecule, compound, element, atomic number, mass number, Electronic configuration.
Chemical bonding: Types of chemical bonds-ionic bonding, covalent bonding, hydrogen bonding, hybridization.
Coordination Chemistry: Coordination compounds, Complex ion, Central ion, Ligands, Coordination number, Coordination sphere.
Analytical principles: Volumetric analysis, Standard solution, Titration, Equivalence point, End point, Indicator, Normality, Molarity


Complementary Course –ZOOLOGY (2 hrs)
AnimalDiversity I:Kingdom Protista-Salientfeatures,examples;KingdomAnimalia-Introduction to different Phyla:Porifera, Coelenterata, Platyhelminthes, Aschelminthes, Annelida, Arthropoda, Mollusca, Echinodermata.
AnimalDiversity II:Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Superclass Pisces and Superclass Vertebrata.
Functional Zoology: Introduction to human physiology. Nutrition,Respiration, Circulation, Excretion, Neurophysiology, Muscle Physiology,Endocrinology and Immunology. Applied Zoology:Economic importance of fishes,silkworm and honeybee Human Genetics and reproductive Biology.

4. B.Sc CHEMISTRY


Core Course- CHEMISTRY (4 hrs)
Atomic structure: Atom, molecule, compound, element, atomic number, mass number, isotopes, mole concept, chemical equations, redox reactions.
Chemical bonding: Types of chemical bonds -ionic bonding, covalent bonding, hydrogen bonding, hybridization. Molecular shapes.
Solutions: Concentration units, concept of acids and bases.
Periodic Table: Electronic configuration, Periodic properties- Electron negativity, Ionization energy, Electron affinity, Electropositivity.
Thermodynamics: Laws of Thermodynamics, Thermodynamic properties- Internal energy, Enthalpy, Entropy, Free energy, Exothermic and Endothermic reactions


Complementary Course –MATHEMATICS (2 hrs)
Introduction,Greek alphabet,Numbers
Sets,Relations,functions,Variables,Constants,Equations and solution of equations
Limits,Continuity,Differentiation,Integration and Differential equations


Complementary Course–PHYSICS (2 hrs)
The international system of units, accuracy and precision of instruments, errors in measurement, significant figures, dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional formulae and dimensional equations.Hooke’s law and modulus of elasticity, oscillatory motion, surface tension and viscosity, Law of thermodynamics and entropy.

5. B.Sc MATHEMATICS


Core Course- MATHEMATICS (4 hrs)
Introduction,Greek alphabet,Numbers and induction,Writing mathematics-logic,proofs and refutations
Sets,Relations,functions,Variables,Constants,Equations and solution of equations.
Limits, Continuity,Differentiation,Integration and Differential equations.


Complimentary Course: STATISTICS (2 hrs)
Statistics-Meaning,Definition,Uses, Importance. definition of probability , significance of probability in statistics

Complimentary Course :PHYSICS (2 hrs)
The international system of units, accuracy and precision of instruments, errors in measurement, significant figures, dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional formulae and dimensional equations.Hooke’s law and modulus of elasticity, oscillatory motion, surface tension and viscosity, Law of thermodynamics and entropy.

6. B.Sc PHYSICS.


Core Course –PHYSICS (4 hrs)
The international system of units, accuracy and precision of instruments, errors in measurement, significant figures, dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional formulae and dimensional equations.Scalars and vectors , vector algebra, basic ideas of differential and integral calculus.Work , energy-kinetic energy and potential energy, power, oscillations-periodic and oscillatory motions, simple harmonic motion.Waves-transverse and longitudinal waves, gravitation-acceleration due to gravity of earth, elastic properties of matter and thermodynamics

Complimentary Course-MATHEMATICS (2 hrs)
Introduction,Greek alphabet,Numbers
Sets,Relations,functions,Variables,Constants,Equations and solution of equations
Limits,Continuity,Differentiation,Integration and Differential equations


Complementary Course –CHEMISTRY (2 hrs)
Atomic structure: Atom, molecule, compound, element, atomic number, mass number, Electronic configuration.
Chemical bonding: Types of chemical bonds-ionic bonding, covalent bonding, hydrogen bonding, hybridization.
Coordination Chemistry: Coordination compounds, Complex ion, Central ion, Ligands, Coordination number, Coordination sphere.
Analytical principles: Volumetric analysis, Standard solution, Titration, Equivalence point, End point, Indicator, Normality, Molarity

7. B.Sc Zoology


Core Course –ZOOLOGY (4 hrs)
Systematics:Kingdom Protista- Salient features, examples; Kingdom Animalia-Introduction to different Phyla:Porifera, Coelenterata, Platyhelminthes, Aschelminthes, Annelida, Arthropoda, Mollusca, Echinodermata, Chordata.
Physiology and Biochemistry:Introduction to organ systems-Digestive, Respiratory, Circulatory, Excretory, Skeletal, Muscular, Nervous, Endocrine and Reproductive system; Introduction to Biomolecules .
Genetics , Cell and Molecular Biology:Brief Explanation-Mendel and his experiments, Cell Organelles, Central dogma of Molecular Biology –Replication, Transcription, Translation.
Ecology and Evolution:Brief description-Different ecosystems, origin and evolution of life.
General informatics and Bioinformatics:Definition,nature and scope of General informatics and Bioinformatics and its applications


Complementary Course –CHEMISTRY (2 hrs)
Atomic structure: Atom, molecule, compound, element, atomic number, mass number, Electronic configuration.
Chemical bonding: Types of chemical bonds-ionic bonding, covalent bonding, hydrogen bonding, hybridization.
Coordination Chemistry: Coordination compounds, Complex ion, Central ion, Ligands, Coordination number, Coordination sphere.
Analytical principles: Volumetric analysis, Standard solution, Titration, Equivalence point, End point, Indicator, Normality, Molarity


Complementary Course-BOTANY (2 hrs)
Biology-The science of life, properties of life.
Cell-unit of life; prokaryotes, Eukaryotes, molecules, enzymes, cell cycle and reproduction.
Biological classification with special emphasis on Angiosperm taxonomy.
Five kingdom classification-Monera, Protista, Plantae, Fungi and Animalia.
Life forms and evolution in plants – Algae, Fungi, Lichens, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes

8. B.Com (8 hrs)


Module I:Business and Economic Development – Different forms of business organization – sectors of the economy – Managerial economics – importance of product, price, demand and market in business decision making
Module II:Business Management and Communication – functions of management – basic principles in management – financial management-sources of finance-types of securities-communication – importance of communication in Business
Module III:Principles and concepts of Accounting – Accounting rules – expenses – income – cost – revenue – Fund – Assets – Liabilities – journals, ledgers and Trial balance.

9. GENERAL ENGLISH - FOR B.A. / B.Sc. / B Com (2 hrs)


Language learning skills – Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing.Varieties of English Indian English.Phonetics - study of speech sounds.Classification of sounds – vowels, consonants.IPA symbols.

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